The five boroughs of Brooklyn (Kings County), Queens (Queens County), Manhattan (New York County), the Bronx (Bronx County) and Staten Island (Richmond County) make up the bustling metropolis of New York City. Located in the heart of the New York metropolitan area, this urban conglomeration is one of the largest in the world, boasting a population of more than 22 million. Situated in the northeastern United States, in southeastern New York State, NYC is approximately halfway between Washington, D. C.
and Boston. The city has been subject to greater financial scrutiny by the New York State Financial Control Board. In addition to this, there are several educational institutions located in the city, such as Bank Street School of Education, Boricua College, Jewish Theological Seminary of America, Manhattan School of Music, Metropolitan College of New York, School of Visual Arts, Touro College and Union Theological Seminary. Queens is also home to Citi Field baseball stadium, home of the New York Mets and host to the annual United States edition.
Residents of the metropolitan area generally refer to New York City (or sometimes just Manhattan) as The City or New York, and the acronym NYC helps avoid confusion with references to New York State. As an ocean port city, NYC is vulnerable to long-term effects of global warming and rising sea levels. The classic version of the New York City dialect generally focuses on middle- and working-class New Yorkers. Streets are a defining feature of the city, even though it is heavily dependent on its vast public transportation system.
The New York area is home to a distinctive regional accent and pattern of speech known as the New York dialect or Brooklyn/New Yorker. The city was renamed New York in honor of James, Duke of York and became a royal colony in 1685 when James succeeded his brother as king of England. Several prominent American literary figures lived in New York during the 1830s and 1840s, including William Cullen Bryant, Washington Irving, Herman Melville, Rufus Wilmot Griswold, John Keese, Nathaniel Parker Willis and Edgar Allan Poe. New York was severely damaged by fire during the Battle of Brooklyn at the beginning of the American Revolutionary War and was occupied by the British until November 25th 1783. The value of this port increased considerably in 1819 with the opening of the Erie Canal, giving NYC an enormous advantage over competing ports such as Boston and Philadelphia.
It is also home to some of the most famous skyscrapers in the world; due to its high residential density and very high real estate values found in its central business districts, NYC has accumulated one of the largest collections of residential and office towers in the world. The city also has a very active and influential theater district centered on Times Square in Manhattan.