New York City is the largest and most influential American metropolis and the most populous and international city in the country. When people think of the most iconic city in the United States, what comes to mind is New York City. As the most populated city in the country (8.5 million people), New York City has the two largest stock exchanges in the world and is known for having some of the most famous educational facilities in the world. Its iconic subway system is the largest rapid transit system in the world when measured by the stations in operation, with 472, and by the length of the routes.
To distinguish between New York State and New York City, it is more often referred to as New York City. The Bronx (Bronx County) is its northernmost district and the only one found primarily on the mainland. This metropolis holds an important position in the world; it is a leading center of commerce, finance, research, education, culture, media, art, fashion and entertainment. It also attracts more non-local students than any other city in the country due to its educational facilities.
Largely as a result of Western European missionary work and colonialism, Christianity is the largest religion in New York City, with a large number of Roman Catholics and Protestants, and a smaller number of other Christian denominations. Most of this municipality is located on Manhattan Island, at the mouth of the Hudson River and East River. Its southern end marks its birthplace. It is also home to the headquarters of the United Nations, making it a major center of international diplomacy and a safe haven for global investors.
The State University of New York (SUNY) public system includes campuses in New York City such as University of Health Sciences of the State of New York, Institute of Fashion Technology, Maritime College and School of Optometry. Slavery was integrally linked to its economy through slave labor throughout its port and banking and shipping industries that traded with the southern United States. It has also had a long history of association with American music thanks to its connection to media and communications and its mix of cultures and immigrants. In 1785, Congress of Confederate Assembly made New York City its national capital shortly after war. On September 11th 2001, it was scene of a terrorist attack when nearly 3000 people died as a result of an Al Qaeda terrorist attack on World Trade Center including New Yorkers employed in buildings, passengers and crew of two commercial airplanes, hundreds of firefighters, police and rescue workers from New York City who came to disaster aid. The city was renamed New York in honor of James, Duke of York and became a royal colony in 1685 when James succeeded his brother as king of England.
After war it emerged unscathed as world's main city with Wall Street leading United States as world's dominant economic power.