New York is a state located in the northeastern United States. It is often referred to as New York State to distinguish it from its largest city, New York City. With a total area of 54,556 square miles (141,300 km), New York is the 27th-largest state in the United States. Native Americans arrived in the area that is now called New York about 5,000 years ago. Thousands of years later, their descendants included Native American tribes such as the Mohawk, the Cayuga, the Oneida, and the Seneca.
On September 11, 2001, hijackers flew planes against the twin towers of the World Trade Center in New York City; the Pentagon, outside Washington, DC. Learn more about this historic attack and meet some of the heroes who helped save lives that day. New York is named after the British Duke of York. Many experts believe it gets its nickname Empire State because George Washington called New York “the seat of the Empire”. New York is bordered by Canada and Lake Ontario on the north; Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and the Atlantic Ocean on the south; Lake Erie on the west; and Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Vermont on the east. The Lawrence-Champlain lowlands extend along the edge of the Adirondacks and the Canadian border.
In this mountainous area, you can see Lake Champlain and Thousand Islands, a group of small islands that lie between New York and Canada. The Adirondack Plateau, known for its Appalachian Mountains and its forests, waterfalls and lakes, includes New York's highest peak, Mount Marcy. The Hudson-Mohawk lowlands contain much of the Hudson and Mohawk river valleys, and the Allegheny Plateau, which extends from Lake Erie along the Pennsylvania border, includes the 11 Finger Lakes and the forested Catskill Mountains. New York is home to large mammals such as black bears, wildcats and moose, as well as smaller mammals such as weasels, raccoons and skunks. Golden eagles, peregrine falcons, and wild turkeys are common birds, as are blue jays, cardinals, and woodpeckers.
Reptiles include biting turtles, diamond-backed turtles, and queen snakes. Keep an eye out for amphibians too, such as the Eastern Master Infierno salamander. New York is known for supplying construction materials such as limestone, salt, sand and gravel. It is also one of the top states when it comes to garnets; although they are used for industrial purposes instead of jewelry. And New York is the only state that mines wollastonite which is used to make ceramics and paints. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is a major center of international diplomacy.
It is an established safe haven for global investors and is sometimes described as “the capital of the world”. Like its New York subway system which operates 24 hours a day; three of the world's six rapid transit systems that operate on 24-hour schedules are fully or partially in New York. Most of this municipality is located on Manhattan Island at the mouth of Hudson River and East River. The Lincoln Center for Performing Arts located in Lincoln Square on Upper West Side of Manhattan is home to numerous influential arts organizations such as Metropolitan Opera; New York City Opera; New York City Philharmonic; New York City Ballet; Vivian Beaumont Theater; Juilliard School; Jazz at Lincoln Center; Alice Tully Hall. There have been 14 World Series in which two teams from New York City faced off against each other known as Metro Series which took place most recently in 2000. The classic version of New York City dialect generally focuses on middle class and working-class New Yorkers.
The State University of New York (SUNY) public system includes campuses in New York City, such as University of Health Sciences of State of New York; Institute of Fashion Technology; Maritime College; School of Optometry. The city came under English control in 1664 and was renamed New York after King Charles II granted land to his brother Duke of York. Slavery was integrally linked to New York economy through slave labor throughout port banking and shipping industries that traded with southern United States. Organized crime has long been associated with New York City, starting with Forty Thieves and Cockroaches in Five Points neighborhood in 1820s followed by Tongs in same neighborhood which eventually became Chinatown Manhattan. Biking in New York City is associated with mixed cycling conditions that include urban density relatively flat terrain congested roads with traffic that stops lots of pedestrians.
New York Cityremains world's largest trading center in public equity debt capital markets driven in part by size financial development U. S.
Through this program New York City has expanded its international reach to network cities around world promoting exchange ideas innovation among citizens policy makers. Throughout its history New York has been an important port entry for immigrants to United States.