New York City is the largest and most influential American metropolis and the most populous and international city in the country. It is located in the state of New York, which is very close to the 6 states of New England. Contrary to what many people think, New York City is not the capital of New York State. Rather, Albany is the capital of New York.
Organized crime has been associated with New York City since the early 20th century, when legendary mobsters roamed and controlled certain areas of the city and many businesses. The city was also forced to accept greater scrutiny of its finances by a New York state agency called the Financial Control Board. In 1898, when New York City was consolidated into its current form, all previous city and county governments were abolished in favor of the current five boroughs and a unified, centralized municipal government. The New York area is home to a distinctive regional accent and pattern of speech called the New York dialect, also known as Brooklyn or New Yorker.
Several prominent American literary figures lived in New York during the 1830s and 1840s, including William Cullen Bryant, Washington Irving, Herman Melville, Rufus Wilmot Griswold, John Keese, Nathaniel Parker Willis, and Edgar Allan Poe. Unlike most car-oriented American urban areas, public transportation is the most common mode of travel for most New York City residents. New York City, officially called New York City, is the most populated city in the United States and the most densely populated major city in North America. It has the publicly managed City University of New York (CUNY), the largest urban university in the United States, which has several campuses in all five boroughs.
The New Jersey Devils play at the Prudential Center, near Newark, New Jersey, and traditionally represent the counties of neighboring New Jersey, which extend along with the boundaries of the New York metropolitan area and the media market. The classic version of the New York City dialect generally focuses on middle- and working-class New Yorkers. Up to 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. Largely as a result of Western European missionary work and colonialism, Christianity is the largest religion in New York City, with a large number of Roman Catholics and Protestants, and a smaller number of other Christian denominations.
The city is also home to other higher education institutions, some of which are nationally and even internationally renowned, such as Columbia University, Fordham University, Manhattan College, New York University, The Juilliard School, The Cooper Union, Marymount Manhattan College and The New School. The statute is enacted and amended by the New York State Legislature and, sometimes, by referendum. Islam is the third largest religion in New York City, with more than 600,000 observers, including 10 percent of the city's public school children.